Dr Sun Yat-sen Historical Trail

Dr Sun Yat-sen Historical Trail Dr Sun Yat-sen Historical Trail

Renowned as the father of the Chinese revolutions of the last century and one of the founders of the Republic of China, Dr Sun Yat-sen is an important figure in modern Chinese history. The Dr Sun Yat-sen Historical Trail not only commemorates the formative years Dr Sun spent in Hong Kong but also his historical legacy and achievements.

At the age of 17, Dr Sun arrived in Hong Kong. During the next nine years he received secondary and tertiary education here, and made friends with many who shared his political persuasions and aspirations. Committed to strengthening the nation for the betterment of the people, they eventually staged uprisings to overthrow the Qing government.

Hong Kong provided much inspiration for Sun’s ideas. Most of his activities at that time were based in Central and Western District. The places on the following trail all featured in those formative years.

Please click here for the map of Dr Sun Yat-sen Historical Trail. It will take about two hours to complete the whole trail.

1. The University of Hong Kong

Founded in 1911, The University of Hong Kong incorporates the Hong Kong College of Medicine, which was established in 1887 as the Hong Kong College of Medicine for Chinese. Dr Sun Yat-sen studied at the college between 1887 and 1892. In Loke Yew Hall of the Main Building, in 1923, he began a speech with: "I feel as though I have returned home, because Hong Kong and The University of Hong Kong are my intellectual birthplace." The Main Building is the university’s oldest building, and is a declared monument.

Info
Address:
Bonham Road, Hong Kong Island

How to get there

MTR HKU Station Exit A1, head to Loke Yew Hall at the Main Building. It’s about a five-minute walk.

2. Original Site of the Diocesan Home and Orphanage

The Diocesan Home and Orphanage, now Diocesan Boys’ School, of the Anglican Church, was the first school which Dr Sun Yat-sen attended in Hong Kong.

The Diocesan Home and Orphanage was then a boarding school for children of different nationalities. The school was moved to Kowloon in 1926. Bonham Road Government Primary School now occupies the original site.

Info
Address:
Eastern Street, Sai Ying Pun, Hong Kong Island

How to get there

From Loke Yew Hall of The University of Hong Kong, walk along Bonham Road until you reach Bonham Road Government Primary School.

3. Original Site of the Tong Meng Hui Reception Centre

Tong Meng Hui (the Revolutionary Alliance) was founded by Dr Sun Yat-sen in Tokyo in 1905. Its Hong Kong Branch established later in the year took part in the staging of uprisings at Huanggang, Chaozhou and Huizhou in 1907 and 1908. To provide asylum for revolutionaries, reception centres were set up in the areas of Caine Road, Po Hing Fong, Morrison Hill Road, Lan Kwai Fong and Queen’s Road.

Info
Address:
Po Hing Fong, Sheung Wan, Hong Kong Island

How to get there

From Bonham Road Government Primary School, walk along Eastern Street, High Street and Bonham Road, turn left when you reach Hospital Road. Po Hing Fong is on your right, next to Blake Garden.

4. Original Site of The American Congregational Mission Preaching House

The American Congregational Mission Preaching House was a three-storey premises. Dr Sun was baptised in this church by Rev. Charles Hager in 1883, and then given the baptismal name ‘Rixin’, from which the Cantonese name ‘Yat-sen’ was adopted. He also lived on the second floor of this building when he studied at The Government Central School from 1884 to 1886.

Info
Address:
2 Bridges Street, Sheung Wan, Hong Kong Island

How to get there

From Po Hing Fong, head to Bridges Street via Kui Yin Fong.

5. Original Site of The Government Central School

The Government Central School was set up in 1862 as the first government secondary school that provided Western education in Hong Kong. Dr Sun Yat-sen attended the upper classes of this school from 1884 to 1886. The site is now occupied by S.K.H. Kei Yan Primary School.

Info
Address:
44 Gough Street, Sheung Wan, Hong Kong Island

How to get there

From the original site of The American Congregational Mission Preaching House, turn left on Shing Wong Street, and walk across Hollywood Road. Walk until you reach Gough Street. The original site of The Government Central School will be on your right.

6. Original Site of Yang Yao Ji, the Meeting Place for ‘The Four Desperados’

‘The Four Desperados’ refers to Dr Sun Yat-sen and his three close friends, Chen Shaobai, Yang Heling and Yau Lit, who often met at the old shop Yang Yao Ji to talk freely about anti-Qing revolution.

Info
Address:
8 Gough Street, Sheung Wan, Hong Kong Island (Memorial plaque is located at 24 Gough Street.)

How to get there

Original Site of Yang Yao Ji, the Meeting Place for ‘The Four Desperados’:
Walk along Gough Street until you reach the original site of Yang Yao Ji, the Meeting Place for ‘The Four Desperados’.
Memorial plaque:
Walk along Gough Street until you reach the location of memorial plaque.

7. Site where Yang Quyun was murdered

Yang Quyun was a teacher in St. Joseph’s College before joining the David Sassoon & Sons Company as assistant manager of the shipping section. He was the founder of Furen Literary Society and later the president of the Revive China Society in Hong Kong, which Dr Sun Yat-sen founded. He was the first leading figure of the abortive Guangzhou uprising in 1895, after which he was forced to go overseas. He went to Annam (now Vietnam), Singapore, South Africa and other places, setting up branches of the Revive China Society along the way. Later, he started an uprising in Huizhou, which also ended in failure. Yeung then returned to Hong Kong and made a living teaching English. He was murdered on 10 January 1901 by an assassin sent by Qing officials in Guangzhou.

Info
Address:
52 Gage Street, Sheung Wan, Hong Kong Island (Memorial plaque is located at Sam Ka Lane.)

How to get there

52 Gage Street:
Walk along Gough Street, across Aberdeen Street to Gage Street.
Memorial plaque:
Walk along Gough Street, across Aberdeen Street to Sam Ka Lane.

8. Furen Literary Society

Founded by Yang Quyun and Xie Zuantai in 1892, the aim of the society was to enlighten the public, yet members often held meetings in private to discuss political issues and reforms in China. Dr Sun Yat-sen had close contact with its members, and when he founded the Revive China Society in Hong Kong, both Yang and Xie became its core members, with Yang serving as the president. The entrance and steps along the lane, which led members of the society to their meetings, have remained almost unchanged. The park incorporates exhibition panels and three-dimensional interactive facilities tracing the development of the group’s activities and events.

Info
Address:
Pak Tsz Lane Park, Pak Tsz Lane, Sheung Wan, Hong Kong Island

How to get there

From the site where Yang Quyun was murdered, via Aberdeen Road, turn left on Sam Ka Lane to Pak Tsz Lane Park.

9. Original Site of Queen’s College

Queen’s College, formerly called The Government Central School from 1862 to 1889 and Victoria College from 1889 to 1894, was relocated to this site in 1889. Dr Sun Yat-sen had already left the school before it moved to this site, but he was present at the foundation-stone laying ceremony of the new school building officiated by the Governor of Hong Kong on 26 April 1884. In 1950, Queen’s College moved to its present premises in Causeway Bay, and the original site has been revitalised to become PMQ.

Info
Address:
Junction of Aberdeen Street and Hollywood Road, Sheung Wan, Hong Kong Island

How to get there

From Pak Tsz Lane Park, head to PMQ via Aberdeen Road.

10. Original Site of Alice Memorial Hospital and the Hong Kong College of Medicine for Chinese

The Hong Kong College of Medicine for Chinese was attached to Alice Memorial Hospital founded by Ho Kai and the London Missionary Society in 1887. In the same year, Dr Sun Yat-sen left Canton Hospital of Guangzhou for this school to continue his medical training. He graduated with distinguished results in 1892. In 1911, the school was incorporated into the newly established University of Hong Kong.

Info
Address:
77–81 Hollywood Road, Sheung Wan, Hong Kong Island

How to get there

From PMQ, walk along Hollywood Road until you reach the original site of Alice Memorial Hospital and the Hong Kong College of Medicine.

11. Original Site of To Tsai Church

To Tsai Church, adjacent to the old Alice Memorial Hospital, was founded by Chinese Christians of the London Missionary Society in 1888. Dr Sun Yat-sen frequently visited this church when he studied at the Hong Kong College of Medicine for Chinese from 1887–1892.

Info
Address:
75 Hollywood Road, Sheung Wan, Hong Kong Island

How to get there

Original site of To Tsai Church is just next to the original site of Alice Memorial Hospital and the Hong Kong College of Medicine for Chinese.

12. Original Site of the Hong Kong headquarters of Xing Zhong Hui

Xing Zhong Hui (‘Revive China Society’) was the first revolutionary organisation founded by Dr Sun Yat-sen. It was established in Hawaii in 1894. The Hong Kong headquarters of the society was set up the following year at Staunton Street under the disguise of a commercial firm named Qian Heng Hang.

Info
Address:
13 Staunton Street, Central, Hong Kong Island

How to get there

From the original site of To Tsai Church, walk along Elgin Street and turn left to Staunton Street.

13. Original Site of the Xing Yan Lou Western Restaurant

Western-style restaurants were common in Hong Kong by the 1880s. One of the best-known was Xing Yan Lou at the intersection of Pottinger Street and Lyndhurst Terrace. This restaurant served as a favourite meeting place for Dr Sun Yat-sen and his compatriots, when he studied at the Hong Kong College of Medicine for Chinese from 1887–1892.

Info
Address:
2 Lyndhurst Terrace, Central, Hong Kong Island

How to get there

From the original site of the Hong Kong headquarters of Xing Zhong Hui, walk along Staunton Street, turn left onto Shelley Street and turn right onto Hollywood Road, then turn left to reach Lyndhurst Terrace.

14. Original Site of the China Daily Office

In 1899, Dr Sun Yat-sen assigned Chan Siu-pak to set up the revolutionary newspaper China Daily in Hong Kong for propaganda against the Qing government. The paper managed to last for 11 years as a powerful mouthpiece for revolutionary propaganda.

Info
Address:
24 Stanley Street, Central, Hong Kong Island (Memorial plaque is located at 19 Stanley Street.)

How to get there

Original Site of the China Daily Office and Memorial Plaque:
From the original site of the Xing Yan Lou Western Restaurant, via Pottinger Street, turn right onto Stanley Street.

15. Original Site of the He Ji Zhan Fruit Stall

The fruit stall He Ji Zhan stood on the fourth floor of this site and served as a base for revolutionary activities. It witnessed the planning of the Guangzhou uprising in 1903, which was led by Xie Zuantai and supported financially by Li Jitang, a rich merchant in Hong Kong.

Info
Address:
 20 D’Aguilar Street, Central, Hong Kong Island (Memorial plaque is located at 24 Wellington Street.)

How to get there

Original Site of the He Ji Zhan Fruit Stall:
Walk along Stanley Street and turn right onto D’Aguilar Street.
Memorial plaque:
Walk along Stanley Street, turn right onto D’Aguilar Street and head to Wellington Street.

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