Hong Kong UNESCO Global Geopark

Volcano Discovery Centre Hong Kong UNESCO Global Geopark Hong Kong UNESCO Global Geopark

mapYou don’t have to be a rock buff to enjoy the Hong Kong UNESCO Global Geopark. Located in the East and Northeast New Territories, the park includes the Sai Kung Volcanic Rock Region and the Northeast New Territories Sedimentary Rock Region and showcases Hong Kong’s timeless and eerily beautiful landforms.

Volcano Discovery Centre
Hong Kong UNESCO Geopark Volcano Discovery Centre conveniently located at Sai Kung Waterfront Park offers comprehensive information to advise visitors the best way to explore the Geopark. Visitors can take a peek at rock specimens collected locally and from around the world, as well as a 1:1 scale exhibit of hexagonal rock columns produced by a series of violent volcanic eruptions in Sai Kung 140 million years ago.

Info
Address:
Sai Kung Waterfront Park, Wai Man Road, Sai Kung, New Territories (next to Sai Kung Bus Terminus)
Tel:
+852 2394 1538
Website:
www.volcanodiscoverycentre.hk
How to get there

From MTR Diamond Hill Station, Exit C2, take bus 92 to Sai Kung Bus Terminus then walk to the centre.

The scenic areas in the Sai Kung Volcanic Rock Region include:

High Island

High IslandThe easiest location to view the park’s remarkable geological heritage is High Island. From here, the hexagonal volcanic columns are visible along the coast, as is the rock column wall near the East Dam of High Island Reservoir. You’ll also see other geological features such as twisted columns and dyke intrusions. To provide a safe environment for visitors to view the sea cave up close, the High Island Geo-trail is undergoing enhancements which include a wooden boardwalk and interpretation panels at the end of the trail. 

Also note the volcanic-rock coast of Tai Long Wan — voted by locals as one of ‘Hong Kong’s Top Ten Natural Attractions’.

Info
Address:
High Island, Sai Kung, New Territories
Website:
www.geopark.gov.hk
How to get there
  • MTR Diamond Hill Station Exit C2 and take bus 96R (service on Sundays and public holidays only) or bus  94 from Sai Kung  town centre. Get off after Pak Tam Chung and walk along Tai Mong Tsai Road to the junction ahead. Turn into Man Yee Road of Sai Kung on the right and walk on for about 9 km for the High Island Reservoir East Dam; or
  • join the Geopark Hiking Tour.

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Sharp Island

Sharp IslandSharp Island is an important relic of an ancient supervolcano that erupted more than 140 million years ago. The island is covered by rocks formed from volcanic fragments and magma. In the west of the island, you can see an interesting natural bridge — a tombolo — which forms an almost 250-metre-long sand bar connecting Sharp Island and the nearby Kiu Tau Island. At low tide, it emerges above the water, creating a temporary bridge between the two islands.

Info
Address:
Sharp Island, Sai Kung Sea, New Territories
Website:
www.geopark.gov.hk
How to get there
  • MTR Choi Hung Station Exit C2, then take minibus 1A to Sai Kung Pier; or MTR Hang Hau Station, then take minibus 101M to Sai Kung Pier. From the pier, hire a village ferry (kaito) to Sharp Island.

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Ung Kong Group

Ung Kong GroupThe Ung Kong Group consists of Bluff Island, Wang Chau and Basalt Island. The forces of sea and wind have helped develop numerous steep cliffs and sea arches on the southeast coast of the islands, including the 30-metre-high sea arch at Wang Chau, the 45-metre-high sea arch at Basalt Island, and the Tiu Chung Arch at Jin Island.

Info
Address:
Ung Kong Group, Sai Kung Sea, New Territories
Website:
www.geopark.gov.hk
How to get there
  • MTR Choi Hung Station Exit C2, then take minibus 1A to Sai Kung Pier; or MTR Hang Hau Station, then take minibus 101M to Sai Kung Pier. From the pier, hire a boat to Ung Kong Group; or
  • join the Sai Kung Coastal Treasures tour.

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Ninepin Group

Ninepin Group The Ninepin Group is made up of South Ninepin Island, North Ninepin Island, and East Ninepin Island, along with several small rock islets. North Ninepin Island has the most eye-pleasing abrasion landforms with hexagonal rock columns overspread with joints formed by geological movements.

Info
Address:
Ninepin Group, Sai Kung Sea, New Territories
Website:
www.geopark.gov.hk
How to get there
  • MTR Choi Hung Station Exit C2 and take minibus 1A to Sai Kung Pier; or MTR Hang Hau Station Exit A1 and take minibus 101M to Sai Kung Public Pier. From the pier, hire a boat to the Ung Kong Group; or
  • join the Sai Kung Coastal Treasures tour.

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The scenic areas in the Northeast New Territories Sedimentary Rock Region are:

Double Haven

Double Haven Rising sea levels 6,000 to 8,000 years ago submerged the river valleys in Double Haven, leading to the formation of indented shorelines with headlands and bays. But the mountains in the area were mostly formed some 160 million years ago, when lava mixed with volcanic ash formed rock strata. Later, rivers flowed down from high mountains and washed sand and stones to coastal lowlands, forming reddish sedimentary rock about 500 metres thick. Popular landforms here include Hung Shek Mun, Camp Cove and Double Island.

Info
Address:
Double Haven, New Territories
Website:
www.geopark.gov.hk
How to get there
  • MTR University Station Exit B and walk for about 15 minutes to Ma Liu Shui Landing No.3 to take the ferry to Lai Chi Wo. The boat ride takes about 1 hour 30 minutes. (Service on Sundays and public holidays only)

    Enquiries: +852 2555 9269 (Best Sonic Industrial Limited)

  • Join the Northeast New Territories Geopark Tour.

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Tung Ping Chau

Tung Ping Chau Crescent-shaped Tung Ping Chau, Hong Kong’s easternmost island, has long been popular with locals for its picturesque rock formations. It boasts the youngest rocks in Hong Kong — merely 55 million years of age, give or take! These are composed of fine laminated siltstone and mudstone that form an eerily beautiful landscape. Notable areas of geological interest here include Lung Lok Shui, Kang Lau Shek and Cham Keng Chau.

Info
Address:
Mirs Bay of the northeastern waters, New Territories
Website:
www.geopark.gov.hk
How to get there
  • MTR University Station Exit B and take a taxi to Ma Liu Shui Pier, Sha Tin. From here board the ferry to Tung Ping Chau.

Ferry service hours
From Ma Liu Shui – 9am and 3:30pm on Saturday; 9am on Sunday and public holidays
From Tung Ping Chau – 5:15pm on Saturday, Sunday and public holidays

Ferry service hotline
+852 2272 2022

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Port Island & Bluff Head

Port Island Bluff Head China Danxia — a name for red-coloured landforms specific to China — was included on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2010, and Port Island has a similar rock formation of these rare geological landforms in a seascape setting. Rich iron oxide gives the island’s sandstone and siltstone a bright red hue. The rocks at Bluff Head were formed by deposits at estuarine deltas about 400 million years ago, and became vertical under the influence of geological movements. Furthermore, weathering and coastal erosion resulted in some peculiar rocks, most notably the ‘Devil’s Fist’.

Info
Address:
The mouth of Tolo Harbour, Tai Po, New Territories
Website:
www.geopark.gov.hk
How to get there

Port Island is difficult to get to on your own. You can join the Northeast New Territories Geopark Tour to see it.

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Tolo Channel

Tolo Channel The oldest rocks in Hong Kong are found along the north coast of Tolo Channel. Ma Shi Chau located west of the channel, features sedimentary rocks formed some 280 million years ago which are the second oldest in Hong Kong, while the rare volcanic sedimentary rocks at Lai Chi Chong are about 146 million years old with the area displaying distinctive folds, faults and various sedimentary structures.

Info
Address:
Tolo Channel Geo-Area, New Territories
Website:
www.geopark.gov.hk
How to get there
  • MTR University Station Exit B and take a taxi to Ma Liu Shui Pier, Sha Tin. Board the ferry to the Tolo Channel Geo-Area.

Ferry service hours
From Ma Liu Shui – 8:30am and 3pm every day; additional 12:30pm service on weekends and public holidays only.
From Lai Chi Chong – 11:40am and 6pm every day; additional 2:15pm service on weekends and public holidays only.

Ferry service hotline
+852 2272 2022

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Geopark Tours
Many of the Geopark’s sites are remote and the best way to view them is to take a tour. Check out these options:
Geopark Hiking Tour
Sai Kung Coastal Treasures
Northeast New Territories Geopark Tour

Tips

Many island or coastal landforms in the Geopark are best viewed from a boat. In areas with loose and slippery rocks it is best not to go ashore. Also, to protect these landforms, please don’t climb or make any kind of markings on the rocks. Get more out of your visit by joining a guided tour and reading the Geopark information online before departing.

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